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Roles

The registration and operation of a domain requires legal entities (organisations or individuals) to accept the following key roles for that domain:

  • Holder

  • Administrative Agent

  • Billing Agent

  • Technical Agent

In order to act in one of these roles an entity must first be registered with NIC(Malta) by obtaining a Handle.

Holder

The Holder (or Registrant) is the legal entity who has been delegated the right to use the domain by NIC(Malta) and who accepts all associated legal consequences. Refer also to Terms and Conditions. Holders can either appoint other parties to act as Administrative, Billing or Technical Agents on their behalf, or alternatively take on any of these Agent roles directly themselves.

Administrative Agent

The Administrative Agent is appointed by the Holder to liaise with NIC(Malta) about administrative aspects of the domain including appointment and changing Billing and Technical Agents. Administrative Agents can either appoint other parties to act as Billing or Technical Agents, or alternatively take on any of these other Agent roles directly themselves.


The Administrative Agent contact details always show on the whois and may be the only contact point for a domain if the Holder’s and other Agents’ details do not show.

Billing Agent

The Billing Agent is appointed by the Holder or Administrative Agent to deal with payments for the domain. The Billing Agent is alerted when payments are due for the domain and is responsible for effecting payments in timely manner. VAT charges for a domain depend on country where Billing Agent is established and on whether Billing Agent has quoted a VAT number to NIC(Malta). Refer also to sections on Fees and Payments.

Technical Agent

The Technical Agent is appointed by the Holder or Administrative Agent to maintain technical information (e.g. nameservers) that permit regular functioning of the domain.

Summary

The following table summarises the domain-related actions that are allowed according to role:


 

 Holder 

 Administrative Agent 

 Billing Agent 

 Technical Agent 

 Appoint/Change Administrative Agent 

x

 

 

 

 Appoint/Change Billing Agent 

x

x

 

 

 Appoint/Change Technical Agent 

x

x

 

 

 Effect Payments 

 

 

x

 

 Set Technical Details 

 

 

 

x